The Choux pastry, or 'pâte à choux', is a dough used in a lot of French pastries
About this recipe
I am showing here my favorite Choux Dough recipe
The Choux Dough is used in a lot of desserts like Eclairs, Choux (puffs), Paris-Brest and other desserts
1. In a saucepan, pour in the Milk (½ Cup or 110 g), the Water (½ Cup or 100 g), the Salt (½ teaspoon or 1 g), the Sugar (1 teaspoon or 8 g) and the Butter (½ Cup or 125 g), over medium heat
2. After the Butter has melted, once the liquid starts boiling, remove from heat
3. Off the heat, add in the Flour
4. For better results, sift the Flour
5. Stir with a spatula, off the heat, until the flour absorbs the liquid and the mixture "forms a ball"
6. Remove from the heat and mix with a spatula, until the Flour has absorbed all the liquid
7. Transfer to a mixing bowl immediately and stir to let the dough cool down
8. Beat the Eggs (⅔ Cup or 250 g) in a mixing bowl
9. Add in the Eggs (one by one) while mixing the dough. You may mix by hand, or using a stand mixer ('kitchen aid'), with the paddle also called the 'leaf'
10. Make sure to pour the the Eggs one at a time
11. Mixing will take time, until your reach a dough with a smooth texture
12. For most recipes using the Choux Pastry Dough, you need a Pastry Bag
13. Transfer the dough into the Pastry Bag
14. Push the dough inside the Pastry Bag to remove air pockets
15. Twist to close
Paper or mat ?
In general, you may use parchment paper or a silicon mat, however I often noticed that parchment paper provides better results (the silicon mat isolates the heat and the choux dough will not rise as much)
Another type of mat is the SILFORM mat : A silicon mat with tiny "holes" that makes it easier to bake perfect eclairs (shop for the brand Demarle). Those tiny holes allow for a better heat distribution for better puffs. I bought mine in Paris at:
36 Rue Montmartre
What Pastry Bag tip to use?
For the pastry tip, you may choose a "plain tip" or a "star tip"
What baking tray to use?
If you can, use those baking trays with tiny holes which will allow the air to circulate easily while baking and will make the dough rise faster
Piping the dough
Pipe the dough as desired:
● For "Choux" dessert, pipe small balls
● For "Eclairs", pipe straight lines
● For "Paris-Brest" desserts, pipe circles
16. To erase that "pointing tip" at the end of a choux or an eclair, just dip a finger in a glass of water and reshape slighty
The baking temperature
The baking temperature is the most difficult part when baking pastry dough
● Not hot enough and the dough will not rise... Puffs will not get puffed up
● Too hot and the dough will "burst" while baking
Baking for how long?
With some ovens, it is recommended to open slightly the oven door while baking to let the humidity escape
17. After baking, remove the baked choux from the baking pan (they would continue to bake as the pan is still hot)